Friday November 13 1:22 AM ET Exhibit Shows Japan's History

Exhibit Shows Japan's History

By CARL HARTMAN Associated Press Writer

WASHINGTON (AP) - From perhaps the world's smallest kite to acrobatics by Tokyo's firefighters, a once-in-a-lifetime view of Japan goes on display Sunday, back to the age before Americans opened the country to the outside world nearly 150 years ago.

It is an exhibit called ``Edo - Art in Japan 1615-1868.'' Tokyo was known as Edo in the 1700s, when it had a million inhabitants and was the world's largest city, said Earl A. Powell III, director of the National Gallery of Art.

Artists created paintings and prints like Katushika Hokusai's great wave. But the artists did not think it was beneath them to design kimonos and dinner plates.

All are in the show, as well as fantastic military armor, a wealth of panoramic gold screens and views of the capital's ``floating world'' of geishas and courtesans. Some of the nearly 300 pieces never before have been exhibited, even in Japan.

They belong to 75 lenders who have kept them in near-perfect condition by locking them carefully away and taking them out only occasionally for favored guests.

Powell said some were hard to borrow. Robert T. Singer, curator of the show, worked closely with Japanese curators.

``What it involves is me going to Japan on my hands and knees ... working with them to approach the lenders,'' Singer said. ``Many of the lenders don't want the work particularly to leave the country for such a long time.''

At the end of the display, six computer kiosks offer visitors a virtual walking tour of old Edo, including a visit to the residence of the ruling shogun, a kabuki theater performance and a shopping expedition.

It will be at the gallery through Feb. 15, and will not be shown anywhere else before returning to Japan.

With it goes a festival that includes designing and flying kites, dance troupes, acrobatic firemen, flower arrangements and a look backstage at the traditional Japanese kabuki theater.

Also, there is a link to the gallery's big exhibit of paintings by Vincent van Gogh. One of the van Gogh paintings, ``The Courtesan,'' is his version of a Japanese print he saw on a magazine cover.

The original print by Keisei Eisen will be on view in the Edo show through Jan. 4, the day after the van Gogh show closes.

Artists in France of the 1870s and 1880s were enthralled by Japanese art. Van Gogh decorated his room with them in the asylum where he committed himself in St. Remy.

``They draw a figure in a few well-chosen lines with the same ease, as effortless as buttoning up one's vest,'' van Gogh wrote to his brother, Theo.

Although the rulers of Japan largely forbade travel and trade with the rest of the world until after the Americans came in 1853, historians now say Japan was less isolated than used to be thought, Singer said.

The Japanese ban on most foreign books and art was lifted in 1720, more than 130 years before Commodore Matthew Perry's black ships anchored in Tokyo Bay.

A Japanese nobleman's coat of the 1700s bears a design of a Western ship under full sail. A painting of a famous Edo pond has a huge urn of peonies in the foreground, painted in unmistakably Western style.

But the Japanese love of kites came from China centuries ago, said Diane Durston, producer of the exhibit. She showed what she said was the world's smallest kite - part of an elaborate demonstration of kite making, kite painting and kite flying that goes with the show.

The tiny kite is a red dot of paper about an eighth of an inch square, created by artist Nebuhiko Yoshizumi.

``It didn't fly,'' Ms. Durston lamented. ``In fact, it got lost for a while when we tried.''

Later this month, 40 members of the Edo Shobo Kinen Kai, the Tokyo firefighters' association, will show their skills on bamboo ladders 22 feet high. They succeeded fire companies that were even more important in days when paper was a major building material in Japan.

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